Global Food and Feed Production Trends

 The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations provides free access to food and agriculture data for over 245 countries and territories, from the year 1961. One dataset from the FAO's database is the Food Balance Sheets, which I used for this post's analysis It presents a comprehensive picture of the pattern of a country's food supply during a specified reference period, with the most recent update from 2013. The food balance sheet shows for each food item the sources of supply and its utilization. This chunk of the dataset is focused on two utilizations of each food item available:

  • Food - refers to the total amount of the food item available as human food during the reference period.
  • Feed - refers to the quantity of the food item available for feeding to the livestock and poultry during the reference period
I performed some exploratory analysis to attempt and uncover trends exist within these two types of crop utilization. 

First, as a broad view here we have the entire yields (in 1,000 tons) of both food and feed for the top ten countries over time:

Annual Total Food Production Yields by Country



The countries making up the top ten yields are China, India, USA, Brazil, Russia, Nigeria, Indonesia, Germany, Mexico, and Pakistan respectively. We can also consider the relative proportions of these two types of food or feed purposed crops for these top countries.